Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa, which is a small, fluid-filled sac which lubricates and cushions pressure points between the bones, tendons and muscles near the joints. According to Ayurveda, Sama vata (One of the three functional energy ) is responsible for inflammatory condition in bursas.
Common causes of bursitis include overuse, stress and direct trauma to a joint. When joints are subjected to excessive use, tension or pressure fills a bursa with excess fluid and gets inflamed causing pain, swelling and tenderness in the area. Bursitis may also result from an infection, Rheumatism, arthritis or gout.
The shoulder which has the greatest range of motion in the body is most commonly affected by bursitis. Other places are elbows, joints and knees. The pain and stiffness are most severe after waking up from a night’s sleep and tends to reduce as normal day time activities are resumed.
The symptoms of bursitis are directly related to the degree of inflammation present in the bursa. The inflamed bursa can cause localized pain and tenderness. If the bursa is so inflamed that swelling occurs, it can cause local swelling and stiffness, sometimes associated with local redness and warmth. The inflammation can make it painful to support body pressure. For example, hip bursitis can make it difficult to lay on the affected side of the hip. Bursitis in the knee, for another example, can make it painful to lay with the knees touching each other. Bursitis generally goes away in a few days or weeks. However chronic bursitis can lead to the formation of calcium deposits which can cause permanent reduction of motion in the affected joint.
The treatment of any form of bursitis depends on whether or not it involves infection. Bursitis that is not infected can be treated with ice compresses, rest, and anti-inflammatory and pain medications. Occasionally, it requires aspiration of the bursa fluid. This procedure involves removal of the fluid with a needle and syringe under sterile conditions. Noninfectious bursitis can also be treated with a cortisone injection into the swollen bursaBut even after all these available treatments most of the cases remains non responsive.
It is possible to cure bursitis from root with the help of Ayurveda detoxification and rejuvenation therapies-
1. Medicated Enemas (Basti )-This therapy helps to clean blocked micro circulating channels by expelling out toxins, reducing inflammation and providing strength to bones, joints, nerves and organs of the body.
2. Heat therapy (Pinda sweda)/ Steaming with herbal medicines –Reduces inflammation in joints, Restore elasticity in cartilages & ligaments of the joint.
3. Oral medication
4. Specific Diet
Other treatments are given to the patient depending upon the condition of the disease and patient. With the help of above treatments even the joint deformities which is a result of bursitis can be corrected.