According to Ayurveda, CRF (chronic renal failure) is a disease of Mutravaha Srotas. Though all the three Doshas as well as all the Dushyas are involved in the disease, Kapha is responsible in blocking microvessels and developing microangiopathy. Vata is responsible for degeneration of the structure of the kidney. According to Ayurvedic principles of management of the disease, tissue damage can be prevented and repaired by Rasayana drugs because they have the capability to improve qualities of tissues and hence increase resistance of the tissues. On the other hand, blockage can be removed by Lekhana drugs having scraping effect on blocked channels.
Chronic kidney disease is the slow loss of kidney function over time, resulting in accumulation of toxic waste products, excess water and salts, increased blood pressure, anemia and many other complex symptoms. Chronic renal failure is divided into Stages I – V. In the early stages, there may be no symptoms. The loss of function usually takes months or years to occur. It may be so slow that symptoms do not occur until kidney function is less than one-tenth of normal.
Some diseases and conditions can damage the kidneys, including:
- Diabetes and High blood pressure are the two most common causes and account for most cases.
- Birth defects of the kidneys (such as polycystic kidney disease)
- Kidney stones and infection
- Some pain killers and other drugs –One of the leading cause
- Certain toxic chemicals
- Injury or trauma
- Autoimmune disorders
- Septic shock
- Serious illness
- Other kidney diseases etc
Chronic kidney disease leads to a buildup of fluid and waste products in the body. This condition affects most body systems and functions, including red blood cell production, blood pressure control, and bone health.
Symptoms may include:
- General weakness
- Itchy and Dry skin
- Weight loss
- Appetite loss
- Nausea, etc
Other symptoms that may develop, especially when kidney function has worsened:
- Abnormally dark or light skin
- Bone pain
- Drowsiness and confusion
- Problem in concentration or thinking
- Numbness in the hands, feet
- Muscle twitching or cramps
- Breath odor
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent hiccups
- Low level of sexual interest and impotence
- Sleep problems
- Swelling of the feet and hands
- Vomiting, typically in the morning
In Ayurveda, various renal diseases have been explained in detail. According to Ayurveda body constitutes of fourteen srotas i.e. systems. One of them is the mutravaha srotas (Urinary system) of which kidney is the main organ.
The essence of properly digested food is known as Ras (Chyle) and it is absorbed in the intestine to form vital component while the undigested waste liquid comes to kidney through arterial circulation and urine formation takes place.
The Ayurvedic treatment of chronic renal failure is based on four principles:
- First to check the progress of disease and prevent further damage to kidney
- Treating the known cause / root cause
- Treating the damaged kidneys and
- Rejuvenation of kidney cells-This is very unique approach only Ayurveda can offer.
1. Basti (Medicated Enema) – Specific type of basti is used to expel out nitrogenous waste from the body, which has been accumulating as a result of renal failure.
-Medicated enema not only reduces kidney load but also rejuvenates damaged kidney cells.
-Controls electrolytes and water re absorption at the level of intestine.
2. Purgation ( Nityavirechana)- Used in some specific condition for expulsion of nitrogenous waste.
3. Very effective oral natural medicines which act like diuretics, at the root cause of disease and rejuvenate kidney cells.
4. Special diet regime.
5. Control over Fluid intake.
With the help of above treatment Ayurveda can deal with all stages of kidney failure, even if the patient is on dialysis 3 times a week.
Ayurvedic therapies gradually can reduce the need for dialysis up to twice a week, then up to 1 a week and ultimately to a health condition were no dialysis is required.