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Therapeutic Massage

Ayurvedic scriptures, written more than 5000 years ago, recommend rubbing and oiling the body to keep it healthy and promote healing. In ancient Greece, the practice of rubbing up the limbs or ‘anatripsis’ was highly recommended for treating fatigue, sports or war injury and illness. Hippocrates, the so-called ‘father of medicine’ suggested an oil massage every day.

Massage therapy is a scientific technique that takes into account the muscle locations, stress points and other anatomical considerations. It is a systematized manipulation of soft tissues for normalizing them.

When muscles are overworked, waste products such as lactic acids can accumulate in the muscle, causing soreness, stiffness and even muscle spasm. Massage improves circulation that increases blood flow, bringing fresh oxygen to body tissues. The oxygen capacity of the blood can increase 10-15% after the therapeutic massage. The stimulation of nerve receptors causes the blood vessels (by reflex action) to dilate which also facilitates blood flow. This can assist the elimination of waste products, speed healing after injury, and enhance recovery from disease.

There is a proven increase in the excretion of nitrogen, inorganic phosphorus and sodium chloride, after the massage. Massage has a tremendous impact on the internal organs. Massage affects by directly/ indirectly stimulating the nerves, that supply internal organs. Blood vessels of these internal organs dilate and allow greater blood supply to them.

Therapeutic massage can be used to promote well- being and enhance self- esteem, while boosting the circulatory system and immune system to benefit, blood pressure, circulation, muscle tone, digestion and skin tone.

There are four stages of the healing process through Therapeutic massage.

Relief: The first few treatment sessions relieve pain; reduce tension and sedate stressed nerves. They do not necessarily solve the problems, but ease the symptoms so that the individual starts feeling better.

Correction: When the pain has been relieved the therapist works on the underlying cause to prevent the problem’s return. Correctional work involves returning muscles, decongesting a sluggish lymph system or freeing knotted or scarred fibers.

Strengthening: This is important in a badly damaged area. Weakness at injury site can mean recurring problems. Massage therapy strengthens the surrounding tissues enabling them to provide adequate support when the injury has healed.

Maintenance: This is the final stage of healing and the first step in preventive care. Occasional massaging treatments keep the problems at bay and prevent any minor health problem to become a major health issue later.

For an Ayurvedic therapeutic massage, the selection of oils and the quantity applied plays a very important role. Ayurveda recommends Oils according to the Prakruti (constitution) of each individual otherwise; the oil used can do more harm than good.

Ayurveda Marma massage:

The Marmas (vital points) are a very important part of Ayurvedic anatomy and surgery. A Marma point is defined as an anatomical site where flesh, veins, arteries, tendons, bones and joints meet up. There are 107 Marma points throughout the body. Each point has its own intelligence and consciousness, which co-ordinate with the mind and body. This ancient form of treatment involves using the fingers to stimulate the Marma points thereby promoting physical and mental rehabilitation. As with Acupuncture, these points correspond to internal organs and systems of the body which react to manual stimulation.

Major marma points correspond to the seven chakras, or energy centers of the body, while minor points radiate out along the torso and limbs. The points cover both the front and back body, including 22 on the lower extremities, 22 on the arms, 12 on the chest and stomach, 14 on the back, and 37 on the head and neck. (The mind is considered the 108th marma.)

The human body, like a machine needs servicing in order to function normally. The Ayurveda healthcare system uses Marma massage as a routine part of their preventative medicine. A professional therapist isolates the Marma points and cleans them out by increasing the blood flow to the affected part of the neuro-muscular junction. They also aim to tone the surrounding muscles.

Massaging the marma points gives benefits to the area of their locations and improves the function of the connecting organs. The marma massage itself is approximately 60 to 90 minutes of duration followed by steam bath or warm shower.

When should one seek the Clinical Massage Therapy?

When one is suffering from any one or more of the following conditions;

  • Any chronic muscle or joint pain.
  • A known condition of referred pain.
  • Any recurring symptoms that seem to accompany or are precipitated by muscle tightness.
  • Tight muscles that are limiting the movement of a joint.
  • Chronically fatigued muscles.
  • Low energy level especially when accompanied by muscle aches and pains.
  • A recent muscle injury that generates pain or dysfunction in areas not seemingly involved in the injury.
  • Any visceral dysfunction that tests negative for conventional causes.
  • Muscle pain that recurs in an area with no apparent new cause.
  • A tendency for pain to spread to other muscles whenever a simple or strain or injury occurs.
  • Therapeutic massage can help with a wide range of medical conditions including allergies.
  • Arthritis (both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis).
  • Asthma and bronchitis.
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Chronic and acute pain.
  • Circulatory problems.
  • Digestive disorders, including spastic colon, constipation and diarrhea. Gastrointestinal disorders (including colic and constipation).
  • Immune function disorders.
  • Myofascial pain ( a condition of the tissue connecting the muscles).
  • Premature infants.
  • Reduced range of motion.
  • Sports injuries (including pulled or strained muscles and strained ligaments).
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction.


Migraine is defined as a very severe and recurring attack of headache accompanied by a feeling of nausea. The frequency of migraine headaches varies from one person to another, and so does their severity. In addition, there is a vast difference in the types of pains that are felt during attacks of migraine. Generally, the headaches in migraine are felt only on one side of the head.
Migraine has become a common disorder owing to modern lifestyle. From the perspective of Ayurveda, migraine headaches are due to a disorder in tridosha (Three functional energies ) migraines frequently occur when systemic pitta moves into the cardiovascular system, circulates, and affects the blood vessels around the brain. The blood vessels dilate due to the hot, sharp quality of pitta. This, in turn, creates pressure on the nerves, resulting in migraines.

Busy and hectic lifestyle Excessive smoking
Sudden changes of climate Continuous exposure to loud sound
Improper sleep pubertal changes in girls
Pregnancy in women Starvation
Continuous and prolonged exposure to toxins and chemical pollutants, including smoke and fumes

Causes Related to Diet
Monosodium glutamate, i.e. ajinomoto in food
Fermented foods
Excessive consumption oily- spicy food, dairy products, Tea, coffee and colas
Flesh foods that are not fresh
Dry fruits such as nuts and peanuts
Alcohol, etc

Causes Related to Medication
Excessive consumption of painkillers, withdrawal from painkillers
Birth control pills
Aminophylline, used by asthmatic patients
Reserpine, nifedipine and diuretics used by high blood pressure patients etc

What triggers migraine?
Stress, sleep disturbances, fasting, hormones, bright or flickering lights, odors, cigarette smoke, alcohol, aged cheese, chocolate, monosodium glutamate, nitrites, and caffeine. For some women, the decline in the blood level of estrogen during the onset of menstruation is a trigger for migraine headaches
The treatment of Migraine by Ayurveda follows a very systematic synergic pattern. The treatment is a three-point process, which is as follows:- Controlling the migraine attack, Reduce the exposure to triggering factors , Medication to prevent the future attacks.

Treatment Includes-
1. Purgation therapy (Virechana) – Regulates increased Pitta, Kapha and to increased over all health of vascular system.
2. Nasal infusion therapy (Nasya)- Regulates proper function of nervine system.
3. Dhara therapy- To reduce stress related issue responsible for severe headaches.
4. Breathing exercises
5.Diet according to body type and disease condition.
Ayurveda aims not only to cure the severity of the migraine attack, but also prevents the recurrence of attacks in the future.

Dr.Mangesh Mudgal
Resident doctor at Ayurveda Kenya


Ageing is a process of physical, psychological and social change in multi dimensional aspects. Geriatrics is a specialty branch of medicine that focuses on health care of elderly people. It aims to promote health by preventing and treating diseases and disabilities in older adults. It differs from standard adult medicine because it focuses on the unique needs of the elderly person. The aged body is different physiologically from the younger adult body, Previous health issues and lifestyle choices produce a different constellation of diseases and symptoms in elderly people.
The cause of morbidity and mortality world over is shifting from communicable diseases, a few decades ago, to non-communicable diseases. The leading causes of mortality among aged people comprise respiratory problems, heart diseases, cancer and stroke. A significant cause of morbidity among this group is chronic inflammatory and degenerative conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, osteoporosis, depression, psychiatric disorders, parkinson’s disease and age related urinary problems.
The biggest challenge with geriatric diseases is that in most of the cases the condition cannot be attributed to a single cause or in certain conditions of neuro-psychiatric disorders like, Senile dementia, Alzheimer’s depression, the structural cause is unknown. In such cases, the conventional medical therapy fails to come out with effective management plan and hence is severely compromised. Another challenge is lack of health-promoting agents.
Ayurveda on the other hand has interventions like Rejuvenation therapies and medicines that enhance physiological processes that influence metabolic and immunological status. Such interventions are significant in the context of geriatric care.
Ayurveda, the holistic health science has the potential for prevention of diseases by promotion of health and management of diseases occurring in old age. It has a focused branch called Rejuvenation (Rasayana) which deals with the problems related to ageing and methods to counter the same.
Geriatrics or Jarchikits! or Rasayana in Ayurveda is a unique therapeutic methodology to delay ageing and to minimize the intensity of problems occurring in this degenerative phase of one’s life.
Rasayana and Panchakarma (Rejuvenation and detoxification therapies) are normally advised during the degenerative phase, that start at around 45 yrs of age in both male and female. It recharges the whole metabolic process of the body by eliminating the toxins and by nourishing each and every cell of the body. These therapies prevent all degenerative diseases and promote health status of an individual.
Panchakarma is beneficial for preventive, curative and rejuvenative health purposes and management of various systemic diseases. It is also widely prescribed for improving the quality of life in various incurable diseases.

Besides Rasayana and Panchakarma therapies, various single and compound Ayurvedic formulations, dietary and life style guidelines, Yoga and meditation helps in the effective management of Geriatric conditions. Prevention and management of health problems could help the elderly to improve quality of life and remain self-dependant for their daily activities to maximum possible extent.

Dr.Mangesh Mudgal

Resident doctor at Ayurveda Kenya


Sagging or wrinkled skin occurs naturally, as you get older. Folds and fat deposits appear around the neck. Deep creases form between the nose and mouth. The jaw line grows “jowly” and slack.
Genes, poor diet, smoking, or obesity can make skin problems start sooner or get worse faster.

Aging of the face is most shown by a change in position of the deep anatomical structures. These lead up to landmarks namely
1. An appearance of the jowl; a broken jaw line by dropping of the platysma muscle (muscle of lower jaw).
2. Increased redundancy of the nasolabial folds (They are the two skin folds that run from each side of the nose to the corners of the mouth. They separate the cheek from the upper lip) this caused by a descent of cheek fat.
3. Increased distance from the ciliary margin to the inferior-most point of the orbicularis oculi muscle (face muscle that closes the eyelids, surrounds the circumference of the orbit and spread over the temple and downward on the cheek). This caused by decreasing tone of the orbicularis oculi muscle.
4. The skin is a fourth component in the aging of the face.
A facelift can help repair some of the visible signs of aging. Fixing damage to skin, fat, and muscles can restore a “younger” look.

According to Ayurveda it happens as a result of vatta dosha aggravation, and imbalances in Pitta and kapha dosha.
Stress and modern lifestyles cause the muscles of the face, neck and shoulders to tighten and constrict leading to a restriction in supply of energy, oxygen and nutrients. The collagen and elastic fibers of the skin’s connective tissue become locked together, restricting the mobility of the facial muscles and giving a drawn appearance.

Available Treatment
There are multiple surgical techniques. It usually involves the removal of excess facial skin, with or without the tightening of underlying tissues, and the re-draping of the skin on the patient’s face and neck.
Risks from any surgery are, Infections, A pocket of blood under the skin, Damage to the nerves that control muscles of the face (this is usually temporary), Wounds that do not heal well, Pain that does not go away, Numbness or other changes in skin sensation etc.
Poor cosmetic results that may need more surgery include unpleasant scarring, Unevenness of the face, Fluid that collects under the skin, Irregular skin shape, Changes in skin color etc.

Ayurvedic treatments used are natural and noninvasive:

Ayurvedic therapies used for facelift are-
1. Mookhalepa – Includes marma massage of the upper back, shoulder, neck, head and face where we hold tension more, especially the shoulders which reflect on the face. Followed by medicated steam and application of herbal paste over face and neck skin.
Maram Massage followed by medicated steam, releases energy blockages improves blood and lymph circulation allowing free flow around the body.

2. Virechana (Purgation) – Helps to Detoxify and rejuvenate whole body system, targets other diseases responsible for aging process, increases tone, luster and elasticity of the skin.
3. Ayurvedic diet as per body and skin type, etc.
Shirodhara therapy & Nasya therapy can also be used as per the need of the patient.
These treatments lead to increased tone of facial muscles giving a more lifted appearance, reduced sagginess, softening lines and reduced wrinkles. It stimulates and improves function of lymphatic system and immune system, improvement in blood flow, oxygen and nutrients leads to improved complexion and texture of skin. . The freeing of restrictions in the connective tissue allows the fibers to slide past each other freely, giving suppleness and flexibility to the face. Soothes away stress and tension, giving a sense of deep relaxation and well-being.

Dr.Mangesh Mudgal
Resident Doctor at Ayurveda Kenya


Abnormal cholesterol level—that is,higher concentrations of LDL (Bad cholesterol) and lower concentrations of HDL (Good cholesterol)—are strongly associated with cardiovascular disease like, Heart attack, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease.
As per Ayurvedic science unhealthy life style, improper diet and lack of physical exertion are among the major causative factors for abnormal cholesterol levels.
Case study-
A female patient known case of High cholesterol, Hypertension, Diabetes and obesity came with complaints of-
Uncontrolled high levels of cholesterol
Over weight
Swelling over both legs               – Sever breathlessness after brisk walk
Uncontrolled blood pressure  -Generalized weakness
Hyper acidity                                    – Indigestion
Palpitation                                          -Headaches
Dizziness                                             -Disturbed sleep

History of present illness
Patient had been suffering from above complaint for the last 3-4 yrs. Initially patient was kept on normal dosage of anti cholesterol medicine, to which she did not respond, doctor increased her medicines to max dosages. As patient was not responding to even higher dosage and being aware of adverse effects of these medications, she decided to take a second opinion and look into some different options.
Laboratory Investigations

Tests          Before Therapy        Normal range           After Therapy
HDL            2.31 mmol/L  N          1.68                               1.70 mmol/L
LDL             5.78 mmol/L            3.88                               2.5 mmol/L      N
TOTAL       9.35 mmol/L  H           5.17                               4.56 mmol/L   N
Triglycerides 2.76 mmol/L H     1.7                                  1.78 mmol/L   N

Keeping the severity of the disease in mind, specific Medicated enema therapy for 8 days was given, followed by Purgation therapy .Again lipid profile investigation was done; which has shown very promising results.
Symptoms like, swelling over both legs, Sever breathlessness after brisk walk, generalized weakness, Hyper acidity, Indigestion, Palpitation, Headaches, Dizziness, Disturbed sleep, disappeared completely during therapies. For the last 1 yr patient is maintaining normal cholesterol levels without taking any medication.
The three-fold approach of Ayurvedic science has prevented the onset of cardiovascular disorders, cured the disease and rejuvenated her whole body system. Like this, many other patients are getting benefits from our treatments.

Dr.Mangesh Mudgal
Resident doctor at Ayurveda Kenya


Osteoporosis meaning porous bones, a disease of bones leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone micro architecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.

In Ayurveda osteoporosis is called as Asthishaya ( Asthi= bone and shaya= decrease) .i.e the condition in which there is decrease in bone tissue (Asthi dhatu) ,leading to undesirable effects.
Risk of osteoporosis can be avoided and can be cured in people with osteoporosis, with Ayurvedic treatments, which includes- Avoiding etiological factors, Proper diet, Panchakarma treatment, Oral medications and Rejuvenation.


A 65 Yrs old female patient came with complaints of, Lower back pain, Sometimes pain in Hip joints, Ribs Tremors in hands, Generalized weakness ,Indigestion, Skin rashes over lower extremities and Intermediately mild to moderate fever.
Osteoporosis itself has no specific symptoms; its main consequence is the increased risk of bone fractures. In this patient above symptoms were the results of inflamed joint capsules.
History of present illness– Patient had been suffering from Osteoporosis since 2008, while doing annual routine checkup Doctor had discovered osteoporotic changes in her Lumbar spine, Upper end of tibia (left) and patella (Knee cap).As patient was aware of conventional medicine treatments and consequences of the disease, she had decided to go for Ayurvedic treatments.
Lab tests- Bone mineral density test (BMD)–June 2008
Result Osteoporotic changes seen in lumbar spine, Upper end of the Left Tibia and patella.

Diagnosis– Osteoporosis

Treatment Given – Keeping disease condition in mind specific, medicated Enema (Basti) for 8 days was given, followed by oral medication for 1yr, Diet according to body type and Yoga.
Symptoms like Lower back pain, pain in Hip joint, Ribs Tremors in hands, generalized weakness and Indigestion went after couple of weeks of treatment. Again BMD was taken in Dec.2011 and the results were promising BMD was completely normal. Osteoporosis had been cured completely with Ayurvedic treatments.

Dr. Mangesh Mudgal
Resident doctor at Ayurveda Kenya